Map Kibera Concludes Follow Up On Security Light Mapping Respondents

Map Kibera, together with Livelihood Impact Fund, have concluded the first phase of the phone call follow-up on first respondents of the Security Lighting Impact survey, that took place in Gatwekera, Kianda and Soweto villages of Kibera.
The experience has been good so far

According to our enumerator Prinscilla Avichinga, most respondents answered the additional questions positively.
Some of the residents the enumerators spoke to, were happy about the follow up questions and commended the enumerators for a ‘delivering the promise without asking for money in return’.
Some were quick to add their own suggestions through the calls, on how they wanted the lights set up, for better security within their businesses along the road.
The challenges the enumerators encountered through the phone call included abusive and rude response from some residents, some calling back in the late hours of the night.
Others hanged up without getting the full information while some gave the phones to kids to answer for them.
A few had moved out of Kibera and were either upcountry, or living elsewhere within Nairobi.

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The Protests That Rocked Nairobi, In Summary

Following the government’s announcement on Monday 24th June 2024, that they had allowed demonstrations to go on as long as they were peaceful, orderly and with no property destruction, several Kenyans went to the streets to protest the passing of the Financial Bill 2024.
Tuesday 25th June, the day of the massive protests dubbed ‘Occupy Parliament’, started well. Kenyans of all walks of life from different parts of the country came out to the streets to exercise their constitutional right to demonstrate.

Kibera residents came out massively to join their counterparts in the central business district, leaving their neighborhood of Kibra, peaceful through out the day.
Destruction of property was witnessed in the CBD, as the large number of protesters stormed into several government buildings.
A number of protesters were shot at the parliament buildings with several others injured both in and outside parliament.

There were reports of abductions and mass shootings in different parts of Nairobi later in the evening of that fateful day.
In the afternoon of Wednesday 26th June, President William Ruto yielded to pressure and announced that he had sent back the bill to parliament to be withdrawn in totality.
War of words erupted between the office of the Deputy President and the National Intelligence Service leadership, with the former accusing the later of failing to sufficiently inform the Presidency of the impending attack on government facilities, by the protesters.

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Kibera Joins Anti-Finance Bill Demos Amidst Rising Tension

Kibera residents have come out in large numbers to join in on the ongoing protests against the finance bill 2024.

The youths, drawn from different parts of Kibera, met at Olympic village this morning and made their way to the CBD to join their counterparts from other parts of Nairobi.

The government, through the interior ministry, had okayed the protests but in a turn of evernts, the police have been witnessed lobbying teargas at a group of protesters in Nairobi.

The protests are expected to on throughout the day.

(Pictures by 8K TV)

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Mapping Different Villages In Kibera

Mapping different villages in Kibera comes with different experiences,
Soweto east village in the far east end of Kibera have the most insecure residents, having witnessed massive demolitions from the halted slum upgrading program.

Any government or NGO activity in the village is met with resistant and suspicion. People fear being left homeless by projects that most of them don’t understand.
Laini Saba, which is the immediate neighbor to Soweto East, is interestingly the opposite. They are inquisitive and want to know more of any ongoing project. And once they understand it, they welcome it and actively take part in it. With most of them seeing it as a way out of the slum, to better housing facilities.

Silanga village is currently battling the dams eviction issue is difficult to judge as per now. Emotions are high in this village where fear and hope are mixed up with residents hoping for a good Samaritan to offer them an alternative place to relocate.
Willingness to talk to our enumerators conducting the household survey is at 50/50

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Dam Evictions In Silanga Village, Kibera

Kibera residents living along the dam-line in Silanga village of Kibera are living in fear of pending evictions, after they were notified to move away from the swampy land along the Nairobi dam.
Most of them have lived here all their lives and have nowhere else to go.

This notification comes in the aftermath of the recent heavy rains that wrecked havoc, not just in the said village, but across the country as a whole.

Silanga was heavily hit, several houses were swept away by floods and a number of people, mostly women and children, lost their lives.
We spoke to Johnstone Muriro, also known as ‘Ras Murish’, a structure owner in the area, who has started demolishing his structures by himself, in order not to be caught unaware when the government will have started the official demolitions

“We are being told to leave but have not been given an alternative place to locate to, so we are just living in fear.’, says Ras Murish,

Ras says that the government had initially intended to demolition the whole of Silanga village which would have affected a bigger population. But after the talks, they agreed to only demolition the structures that were sitting on the swampy area.

There are ongoing talks between the evictees and some of the local NGOs who are have somehow partnered with red cross to come up with a small compensation that can get the evicted residents start off their life elsewhere.
“Those who were affected by the floods from the long rains already left, some went upcountry while others went to live with their relatives. Those whose names have been identified by red cross are not the ones who were affected by floods.” Says a resident who did not want to be identified.

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Senator Sifuna In Kibera For Ariel Water Launch

Nairobi Senator Edwin Sifuna, together with Dr. Ken Odede and other local leaders, officially launched the Ariel-piped clean water in Makina village of Kibera.
The clean water is expected to be easily affordable to all the Kibera residents and ease the burden of having to walk long distance in search of clean water.

“We are currently serving over 40,000 people with clean water, and looking forward to serve over 100,000 people”, says Ken Odede.

Shofco chose to do the ariel piping due to poor sanitation on the ground, and underground piping would have required a number of houses be demolished.

“Previously we used to have a lot of water-born diseases. Shofco’s Ariel water helps in reducing the risk of consuming bacteria in water thus reducing water-related illnesses”, says a resident from Kibera.

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Saving To Own A House In Kibera

Owning a house, be it in rural area or in town, is every man and woman’s dream.
“Who wouldn’t want to own a good house where you don’t have to pay any rent? and who wouldn’t capitalize on an opportunity to do so, especially when some help comes along the way?” asks Jennica, a resident of Soweto east village in Kibera.
Livelihood Impact Fund, has partnered with Map Kibera Trust, to conduct a survey in Kibera that aims to identify those who are saving towards owning a house in future.
Livelihood Impact Fund (LIF), will then find a way to offer financial options for these residents to realize their dream in the most efficient way.

The survey has so far been conducted in Soweto East village, and will scale up to cover all the villages of Kibera. Response has been good and most residents are actually saving and hopeful of owning a house in a few years to come.
Titus Mwewe, a shoe maker in Soweto East says he started saving towards owning a house but was forced to withdraw all his savings after being laid off his job.

“I had saved up to 25,000 shillings but was forced to withdraw to take my children to school and feed my family”. Titus adds.
He further blamed the government for not offering job opportunities to citizens, to help them be in a position to save.
“People have no jobs, and that’s why even my shoe-making business cannot thrive. If we all had good-enough jobs, we could have done our part to own the houses.”

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Measuring Lights Impact Survey In Kibera

Despite previous efforts to install lights in Kibera, some through Adopt-A-Light program initially headed by Nairobi women representative Esther Passaris, and others through the Nairobi County government, there have still been reports of rise in criminal activities within Nairobi’s informal settlements such as Kibera, Mathare, Mukuru among others.
Previous programs had overlooked the need to actively engage the community in the process of installing lights in our informal settlements, in the quest to achieve the goal of having proper security measures that can protect residents within the slums.

Other challenges that have faced those other programs include, frequent black outs witnessed in slums as a result of tampering with electricity lines, transformers and power cables.
It was for this reason that Map Kibera, Kibera Town Centre and LIF came together to conduct a ‘Measuring Lights Impact’ survey within Kibera slums, in order to get the much needed input and community engagement ahead of solar-powered street lights installments, not just in the streets of Kibera, but also deep inside the residentials.
The survey has been conducted in Gatwekera village, Kianda Village, Soweto Village and parts of Makina Village.

Feedback has been good so far, with a number of residents welcoming the idea of having solar security lights as opposed to the electric lights.
Nicholas Ogutu, a kibera residents who lives in soweto west village, and works as a construction expert, says his work sometimes involves travelling long distance and most of the times he has to leave the house in the early morning hours when it is still dark.
“With the lights having been installed in the village, I will not have to worry about being attacked by criminals when I happen to leave while it is still dark outside, and that will have improved my work and by extension, my life” he adds.
Irara, who lives in Kianda village and is waiting to join college, hopes that the lights are installed as soon as possible, to help her while leaving or coming back from her early morning or late night classes incase she will have any, once she joins college.

The survey was conducted by 10 youth from Kibera, who walked from one household or business, to the other, with a set of questions that helped to determine the state of security in each village and the location of each light within that said village.

As the project proceeds, we are looking forward to getting more feedback from the residents in the post-installment survey once the lights have been installed in all the designated areas.

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A stream that flows into Nairobi dam along Lindi and Silanga villages in Kibera flooded into residential houses following heavy rains that has been going on for a while now, while in Mathare, those living along the banks of Mathare river have been affected the most, with several families losing loved ones.
The county government has advised those living along river banks to find an alternative place to move to instead of endangering their lives.

(Picture By Grace Muloma)

Residents living in Silanga near Nairobi dam came across motorbike broken at the flooded dam and it was unclear if it was swept away just by itself or if the owner was also swept alongside it.
According to the county government, up to 60,000 people have been affected by the floods so far, mostly women and children.
Kibra MP Mwalimu Orero called on Nairobi Governor to help in sorting out the drainage floor in Kibra that has largely contributed to the flooding in Sarangombe, Lindi and Silanga villages of Kibera.

(Picture by Kibera Community Emergency Response Team)

“Last year, we were told to expect El Nino and a lot of funds were preserved to deal with it but at a certain point, we were told that God had been faithful and that we would not experience it, but what we are experiencing now is like El Nino. We need to have a proper way of dealing with funds, especially when funds have been preserved”, the MP said during a daybreak show on Citizen TV.
Opposition leader Raila Odinga, who is also a former Langata MP, met with the political leadership of Nairobi including Nairobi Governor Sakaja and Senator Sifuna, to find a way forward on how to deal with the ongoing floods.

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The Waste Management Mapping In Mukuru Kwa Ruben

Mapping waste management in Mukuru Kwa Ruben was an eye opener to the challenges most people face in our informal settlements in Nairobi, where potential talents and opportunities goes unrecognized and a lot of people are not aware of the resources availed to them.

Mukuru Kwa Ruben is said to be a government reserve for mining industries and that was displayed during our recent waste management mapping where we frequently came across a group of young people working on mining residues to make money.
Like any other informal settlement in Nairobi, Mukuru battles with how to handle their waste and most end up in drainage system, with a high risk of dirt-related diseases outbreak.
Our mapping started in late December 2023, and went on for about three weeks ,which saw it end in mid January 2024.

With a group of about 20 youths from Mukuru kwa Ruben, affiliated to Mukuru Youth Oasis CBO, We mapped over 2000 households from Zone A,B,C & D of Rurie village and what stood out the most was the cooperation of the residents and their willingness to have a clean environment.
One of their biggest fear was how the installed bins were going to be managed, most residents could not believe that they were being given quality dumping bins for free.
“Who is going to empty the bins when they are full, and who is paying for that?”, were some of the questions the residents demanded answers for, other than that, they welcomed the idea of having recycle bins in every household of Rurie village.
The mapping was conducted by counting the blocks and finding out how many households and businesses were in a particular block, which helped us determine how many bins to be installed in a particular block.

From the success of this particular mapping exercise in Rurie village, I’m hoping that Map Kibera, together with the partners, will scale to other villages of Mukuru kwa Ruben and by extension, into other informal settlements in Nairobi who are also battling with the challenge of waste management.

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